Material: Wooden Body
Primary Use: Training Weapon
Effectiveness: Very effective for training
First Used: 322 and 185 BCE
Still in Use?: Yes in Punjab and Southern India
The Mudgar or Indian Clubs as they are widely known now clearly stem from the Gada or Heavy Mace weapon and is it's training counterpart. The training weapons were used two at a time and swung around the body in such a way, to strengthen a fighters grip and muscles that other training techniques simply can't reach. Coins as early as the Maura Empire depicted figures using such clubs. 12th and 13th Century texts 'Manasollasa' and 'Malla Purana' describes training exercises and club swinging along with wrestling.
Indian Club exercises took off in early 19th century Britain, many manuals were translated into English but the craze later died out. It is still used in Persia, known by the name 'meels' or 'mils' by wrestler community 'Varzesh-e bāstāni', some claim that it originated in Persia, but records only date back to around the 18th or 19th century. Much later than they can be found in India, along with complex training manuals. Japan even has it's own version, known as 'Chi Ishi ' or 'weighted levers'